Plant Database

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Japanese Hornbeam

Carpinus japonica

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Japanese Hornbeam (Carpinus japonica) at GardenWorks

Japanese Hornbeam

Japanese Hornbeam

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  25 feet

Spread:  20 feet

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade  full shade 

Hardiness Zone:  5a

Description:

A small shade tree remotely related to the birch with narrow leaves and a tidy, wide-spreading habit of growth, a distinctive and uncommon tree for smaller home yards

Ornamental Features

The Japanese Hornbeam has emerald green foliage throughout the season. The pointy leaves do not develop any appreciable fall colour. The flowers are not ornamentally significant. It produces small clusters of green hop-like fruit from early fall to late winter.

Landscape Attributes

The Japanese Hornbeam is a deciduous tree with a more or less rounded form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This is a relatively low maintenance tree, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. It has no significant negative characteristics.

The Japanese Hornbeam is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Accent
  • Shade
  • Mass Planting
  • Hedges/Screening

Planting & Growing

The Japanese Hornbeam will grow to be about 25 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 20 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 3 feet from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 60 years or more.

This tree performs well in both full sun and full shade. It is quite adaptable, prefering to grow in average to wet conditions, and will even tolerate some standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This species is not originally from North America.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Characteristics
Accent  Shade  Massing  Screening 
Applications
Fruit 
Ornamental Features


Disclaimer - This Plant Database is an online catalog representing many of the varieties that we carry over the course of the season, and is intended for informational purposes only. Inventory varies seasonally, so we cannot guarantee that every plant will be in stock at all times - please contact your favourite GardenWorks location directly for current availability. It does not include our entire inventory of plants, so be sure to visit GardenWorks to see varieties that may not be represented on this list.